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Quad, Matthias

Hungariae Loca Precipua Recens Emendata, Atque Edita Pera Ioannem Sambucum Pannonium... 1592

Antique Hungariae Loca Precipua Recens Emendata, Atque Edita Pera Ioannem Sambucum Pannonium... 1592

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  • Cologne
  • 1592
  • 1592
  • Copper engraving
  • map
  • Hungary, Serbia, Croatia
  • 19.2 x 28,7 cm (7.5 x 11,25 inches).
  • 33572
  • In good condition. Slightly browning (glue-staining) at the center-fold.

Article description

Article description

Original antique copper engraving. An interesting historical map for an collector of raremaps of Hungary. Decorative early map of Hungary after Johannes Sambucus, with extending in north towards the neighboring Austria. This rare map includes lake Ballaton, further it depicts the course of the river Danube from Vienna towards the Trajan's Bridge in Bulgaria. Many engraved names of historical places and cities, woods and mountains are schematic engraved on this antique map. Published in the atlas Fasciculus Geographicus by Matthias Quad (1557-1613). Matthias Quad (* 1557 in Deventer; † before October 29, 1613 in Eppingen) was a historical-geographical writer, engraver and schoolmaster. Matthias Quad was born in the Dutch city of Deventer in 1557, as the son of Wilhelm Quad and Maria von Gülich, from a noble family in the Rhineland, which was already baronial in the 17th century. Von Kinckelbach, however, only calls himself Teutscher Nation Herligkeit in his last known work. Kinckelbach was once one of the fiefdoms of the Lower Rhine Baronate Wickerad. It was a castle or an estate belonging to the Quadschen family. When he was a child, Quad returned to Wickrathberg with his parents, the headquarters of this Quad branch, before he was sent to the Palatinate for training. In the Electoral Palatinate, he attended the pedagogy in Heidelberg from 1567 to 1572 and then the Neuhausen school. After the death of Friedrich III. raised the strictly Lutheran successor Elector Ludwig VI. left school, and Quad left the Palatinate before finishing his studies. Nothing is known about the next few years in Quad's life, because it is difficult to infer from his writings which countries he traveled. During these years he made the acquaintance of silversmiths and became interested in wood engraving and copperplate engraving. After his travels, Quad went back to Deventer to work for the goldsmith Heinrich Friesen. An engraving with Quads monogram Q is known as early as 1583. The next stop in Quad's life was Cologne, because there a flourishing publishing book trade, especially cartographic ones, offered the artists employment. A leading engraver who also lived in Cologne was Frans Hogenberg. In 1592, Quad's first literary work was created, a kind of atlas in which the text was printed on the back of the cards. Mathias Quad joined the German Reformed congregation in 1593 and married Margreth Stupers after setting up as an independent master in Cologne. Of the children of this marriage, only Anna (baptized 1601) and Florence (baptized 1603) are known to us. In a period of only twelve years, from 1592 to the end of 1604, Quad wrote 18 historical and geographical writings. Almost all of these works were published in Cologne, mostly by Johann Bussemacher and Wilhelm Lützenkirchen. They are partly written in Latin and partly in German. In addition to this extensive writing activity, numerous smaller depictions in copperplate and woodcut were added. As a participant in a forbidden worship meeting of members of the German Reformed community in 1599, Quad was sentenced to a heavy fine. Since he could not pay this, he had to leave Cologne. The departure of the Quad family from Cologne is documented for the end of October 1604. Presumably he was allowed to complete his current work. After leaving Cologne, two more works were published: Fasciculus geographicus (Cologne 1608) and Teutscher Nation Herligkeit (Cologne 1609). Nothing is known about Quad's work until June 24, 1608, when he took the position of rector at the Reformed Latin School in Weinheim an der Bergstrasse. His early release in 1610 is noted in the files with the following note: "Has been deposed due to negligence". What this negligence consisted of is not known. On July 6, 1612, he became a collaborator at the Reformed Latin School in Eppingen, where Wendelinus Grevius was rector at the time. The collaborator's salary was 62 florins (guilders), of which 52 florins were paid from the Electoral Palatinate collection (asset management) and 10 florins from the benefices of the city. He also received wine, oats, spelled and "comfortable accommodation". Quad only held this office for a short time. He probably died before October 29, 1613, as his successor, Christoph Gilgenmeyr, was appointed at that time. Quad's oeuvre comprises 20 titles, if one disregards the similarity or further development of various works that have appeared in 32 editions. (Wikipedia)

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