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- Published: G. Braun & F. Hogenberg , Cologne
- Published date: 1572
- Type: Antique Map, map
- Technique: Copper engraving / Uncolored
- Issue date: 1572-1619
- Category: Sluis
- Size: 295 by 410mm (11 by 16 inches).
- Stock number: 21955
- Condition: In excellent condition. 295 by 410mm (11 by 16 inches).
Article descriptionOriginal antique copper engraving, uncolored as published. Situated on the Zwyn Estuary, which silted up around 1550, Sluis served as an important outer port for Bruges in the Middle Ages and from 1382 as a fortification on the Flemish border. On 24 June 1340, during the Hundred Years' War, the English achieved an important naval victory here over a French and Genoese fleet. In 1383 construction began on the fortress; damaged in the 18th century, however, it was ultimately razed in the 19th century. Only the town hall and its belfry - the only one in the Netherlands - can be identified in the city centre. Large stretches of the city wall and several of its gates still survive, the finest of which is "Die West port". (Taschen) Georg Braun (also Brunus, Bruin; 1541 – 10 March 1622) was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world. He was the principal editor of the work, he acquired the tables, hired the artists, and wrote the texts. He died as an octogenarian in 1622, as the only survivor of the original team to witness the publication of volume VI in 1617. Braun was born and died in Cologne. His principal profession was as a Catholic cleric. However, he spent thirty-seven years as canon and dean at the church, St. Maria ad Gradus, in Cologne. His six-volume work was inspired by Sebastian Münster's Cosmographia. In form and layout it resembles the 1570 Theatrum orbis terrarum by Abraham Ortelius, as Ortelius was interested in a complementary companion for the Theatrum. The Braun publication set new standards in cartography for over 100 years. Frans Hogenberg (1535–1590, from Mechelen) created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were Joris Hoefnagel, Jacob Hoefnagel, cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Primarily European cities are depicted in the publication; however, Cairo Casablanca and Mexico City as well as Cuzco on one sheet are also included in volume I, whereas Tunis is featured in volume II. Frans Hogenberg (1535–1590) was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. Hogenberg was born in Mechelen in Flanders as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He is known for portraits and topographical views as well as historical allegories. He also produced scenes of contemporary historical events. Hogenberg died in Cologne. (Wikipedia)
Slusa, Teutonicae Flandriae opp. Admodum Elegans.